Tag Archives: 2015

Welcome to The Internet of Compromised Things – How not to be hacked, routers

squid eating a router!!!

A good write-up by Jeff addresses a problem that has existed for several years, but only recently is starting to get malicious. A few hackers demonstrated how the software running common internet modems and routers were vulnerable to attack. A few good-minded-souls even wrote code to scan the internet; find them; and exploit them to install the update.

Of course, there were those who used those same routers to mine for crypto-currency and others who created attack bot networks. The article highlights how these unprotected devices are hacked and allow for anyone passing traffic through them to be infected with malware on their machine.

A good article with rather excellent tips for mitigation at the end. Very much inline with several tips I drafted for How Not To Be Hacked, the book, and some tips that didn’t make it due to complexity. If you only skim it … be sure to make it to the end where the tips are listed!!!

For security professionals Jeff raised one point that I thought was a challenge to our industry, and highlighted it below:

Buy a new, quality router. You don’t want a router that’s years old and hasn’t been updated. But on the other hand you also don’t want something too new that hasn’t been vetted for firmware and/or security issues

via Welcome to The Internet of Compromised Things.

How ridiculous our world is sometimes … buy a new router, but not too new … but also not too old. HAH… That fails the How not to be hacked, Can you explain it to your grandma test (something I learned in the Head Game). It is valid though … and reflects the challenge of security professionals.

Good write-up,

James

 

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How Not To Be Hacked: The Definitive Guide for Regular People | RSA Conference

Live review

 

 

Ben Rothke, author of Computer Security: 20 Things Every Employee Should Know and a valuable contributor to the information security profession through sharing of research on Security Reading Room reviewed How Not To Be Hacked today. As in any moment when a person you respect reviews your work, I was struck with emotional anxiety and excitement when I saw the notification of the review. Ben’s review was honest, accurate, and I thought extremely helpful to anyone trying to uncover answers that will help their friends/family who do not hold 5+ certifications navigate the online world safely!

A snippet from his full review at RSA Conference Blog:

In How Not To Be Hacked: The Definitive Guide for Regular People, author James DeLuccia has written an extremely useful guide that offers 63 valuable tips on how and what users can do to avoid being hacked.

When the author says the book is written for regular people, he means those folks who don’t know a device driver from a digital certificate. The book is written with no techno-babble or jargon, which makes it an enjoyable read for the novice.

Posted again at How Not To Be Hacked: The Definitive Guide for Regular People | RSA Conference.

Thank you to Ben for taking the time to share his thoughts on the book!

Humbled and thankful,

James DeLuccia

Good guys win: International Criminal Sentenced to 13 Years For Identity Theft Scheme

The news is so full of the security failures and problems that it is worthwhile to pause and see the good. Ngo built a marketplace and sold identifying information about regular people – in packages that contained everything for an identity theft. He was caught and a number of his ‘customers’ in the U.S. were captured.

Details and full links below – if you were breached, consider the breach response task list from How Not To Be Hacked.

Ngo, 25, will serve 13 years in prison for hacking into U.S. business computers and stealing the information of approximately 200 million US citizens  to sell to other people as so-called ‘fullz’, Assistant Attorney General Leslie R. Caldwell of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, Acting U.S. Attorney Donald Feith of the District of New Hampshire and Director Joseph P. Clancy of the U.S. Secret Service announced.

The IRS confirmed 13,673 U.S. citizens had their information sold on Ngo’s websites, with $65 million in fraudulent individual income tax returns filed thanks to his services.

source: Massive International Hacker Sentenced to 13 Years For Identity Theft Scheme | Hacked.

Best,

James

Copying access control cards is easier w/ $10 device being released at BlackHat 2015

Proximity access cards are no more secure than a standard key .. and easily replicated with a $10 (to be released) tool. This was shared on ZDNet and with Motherboard. I have highlighted 2 key sections below for those interested in greater detail definitely check out the article. If you are lucky enough to see the presentation live at BlackHat, that will surely be better.

While RFID technology can help secure enterprise offices in this way, the ease in which these access controls can be hacked has hit the spotlight in the form of a tiny device which costs only $10 to make.

Researchers Mark Baseggio from security firm Accuvant and Eric Evenchick from Faraday Future are the developers of the Bluetooth Low Energy device (BLEKey), a coin-sized device which skims RFID cards, allowing users to clone items such as access cards.The team says the release of the tool is “valuable for understanding the risks associated with insecure access controls and what steps companies can take to lower the risk of access control attacks.” – ZDNet Article

I would raise the point that these attacks can now be down so easily that can the “control” of access control physically be fully trusted from a third party assurance perspective, an industry perspective such as PCI, or risk management? One could argue that cameras support this protection, but those are only employed after damage has been discovered and insufficient for all of the stakeholders involved.

“We wanted to create a device that would concretely and absolutely show and hopefully put the final nail in the coffin that is HID prox and Wiegand. These devices are no more secure than a standard key.” – Motherboard, Baseggio

The difference though with a ‘standard key’ is that takes some crafty spy work to make a copy without the owner being aware. To copy a HID card would take only seconds – at a gym, lanyards left at a desk, etc …

Glad the research cycle is exposing these risks and looking forward to creative approaches to counter it.

James

p.s. My new book – How not to be hacked is available and is PERFECT for your family and friends who keep getting smashed by online criminals, malware, and account hijacks!

Hacking Drones Close to Being Drawn up by Boeing and Hacking Team

Drone-HackedA high schooler could have done this, but these 2 didn’t get it done because of a NDA!?  Sad and shows sometimes progress can be derailed by the smallest of things. Passion is finicky and when pursuing the development of new ideas they need to be nurtured in and between organizations.

The technology already exists, and I’d bet for less than $2k it could be made operational. Perhaps we’ll see these at DefCon just to show how feasible and fun they can be in real life?

Leaked emails between Italian spyware vendor Hacking Team and Boeing subsidiary Insitu revealed that drones carrying malware to infect targeted computers via Wi-Fi by flying over their proximity is close to becoming a reality.

Spyware-carrying drones were being discussed by Insitu, a division of Boeing and now-disgraced malware firm Hacking Team, according to leaked emails from the recent breach of the Italian company which have been posted on WikiLeaks, Engadget reported.

It was only the failure to come to terms over a non-disclosure agreement that kept Insitu and Hacking Team ‘teaming up’ together in order to create the malware infesting drone.

via Hacking Drones Close to Being Drawn up by Boeing and Hacking Team.

Ps.. I wrote a book to help Information Security professionals share Tips to the other 3.1 billion people in the world struggling to stay secure and safe online. I’d love for you to share the news and benefit from the book – How not to be hacked

Mobile ad fraud costs advertisers $1 billion a year, study says

Mobile devices are easy targets and when more dependency on wifi is enabled the conduct of fraud is easier to execute without detection. Also thinking this would be pretty to execute such advertising fraud, as described in the article, by installing similar tech onto all of the unsecured/patched/Internet of Things devices on the internet. Imagine this fraud with all of the consumer internet routers!

Details from the Fortune article:

The firm said that it tracked down more than 5,000 apps that were exhibiting suspicious behavior. It found the apps by using the real-time tracking data that it gets from the various mobile ad networks that it is integrated with, which allowed it to look for the kind of rapid ad-loading and background functions that most malicious apps exhibit…

Forensiq said its research showed that more than 13% of total mobile app inventory was at risk, and 14% of all mobile apps on iOS, Android and Windows Mobile platforms.

Over a period of 10 days, Forensiq says it observed more than 12 million unique devices with installed apps that exhibited fraudulent behavior: about 1% of all devices it observed in the U.S. and between 2% and 3% of those in Europe & Asia.

Mobile ad fraud costs advertisers $1 billion a year, study says.

… My comments on this report (not posted on Fortune due requirement to link social media account):

It’d be valuable to know how those Apps identified for fraud were ranked in the ‘App stores’. This way we could identify the popularity and likely spread of these apps. The 12 million figure is large, but out of a possible 1.3 billion devices it is hard to understand the sampling effect.

I’d love more intelligence on the ‘what’, so that regular readers of the article and users of the devices could clean out these Apps off their devices.

Gotta love Blackhat and DefCon week! All the research docs are released.

James

1,600 Security Badges Missing From ATL Airport in 2 yr period – NBC News

While not a complicated or strategic topic that I would normally highlight, this one bit of news is from my home airport and personally meaningful.

Basically the report shows that 1,600 badges were lost or stolen in a 2 year period. This seems like a big number (2.6%), but this is a control that should (and not highlighted in broadcast) secondary supportive controls, such as:

  • Key card access review logs to prevent duplicate entries (i.e., same person cannot badge in 2x)
  • Analytics on badge entries against the work shifts of the person assigned
  • Access to areas not zoned for that worker
  • Termination of employees who don’t report in 12 hours on lost/missing badge

There are safeguards highlighted in broadcast that are good, but easily modified to the point of not being any value, and include:

  • Pin (can be easily observed due to tones and no covering)
  • Picture (every movie ever shows how easy this is done)
  • An old badge could be re-programmed and be a duplicate of another higher ranking / alternate security zone

Bottom line is organizations, especially those tasked with safety of human life, must have the primary and secondary controls in place. Hopefully the remarks of a minor risk are based on their security assessments with the considerations above (and more perhaps).

Article:
Hundreds of ID badges that let airport workers roam the nation’s busiest hub have been stolen or lost in the last two years, an NBC News investigation has found.

While experts say the missing tags are a source of concern because they could fall into the wrong hands, officials at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport insist they don’t pose “a significant security threat.”

via Hundreds of Security Badges Missing From Atlanta Airport – NBC News.com.

Also thanks to the new new aggregator (competitor to AllTops) Inside on Security or the clean new interface.

Best,

James